Pattu is the traditional dress of the local women. This woolen
fabric is woven in different colors and designs. It is thicker
and heavier than shawl and the colors used are fast and bright.
Women wear pattu over their clothes. They pin both ends of it
with local silver broaches called 'bumni', joined with a long
ornamental chain. It covers the whole body. A piece of cloth called
gachchi (belt) is tied around the waist. Basically women of Kullu
use pattu as their daily wear. The cost of a pattu depends upon
the design, color combination and quality of wool.
Initially the people of Kullu used to weave tweed, locally known
as Patti ,
Womenfolk used this tweed as pattu, which was thicker, heavier
and coarser than the present pattu. The pattus prevalent today
came into being in 1940's, when the weavers from Busheher (Shimla)
came to Kullu Valley. These weavers greatly influenced the designs,
color combinations and the raw materials used by the local weavers.
Technical Specifications of Pattu
- Warp - 2/ 44's, 2/ 48's Woolen Worsted
- Weft - 2/ 44's, 2/ 48's, and 2/ 32's.
- Patterning - 2/ 32's Woolen Worsted / Acrylic 2-3 ply.
Size - 1.40Mt. x 2.80Mt. &
1.50Mt. x 3Mt.
Weave - 2/ 2 twill, diamond twill
(base) and weft rib (patterning).
Weight - 650gms to 800gms approximately.
The Patterns on Pattus
||The entire pattu is covered with chhiyan
(vertical and horizontal lines) and both ends have a red -
colored border called dhari.
||This type of pattu has black
& white color combination with red colored border at both
||This type of pattu has black & white
combination with one traditional pattern on both ends.
||This pattu has different color combinations
and one traditional pattern on both sides.
||This type of pattu has different color
combinations and three traditional patterns i.e. phool on
A plain pattu woven of acrylic yarn costs about Rs. 200, whereas
an acrylic pattu having three traditional patterns is priced around
Rs. 1200. Upper range of a pattu varies according to quality of
wool and patterns on the pattu.