Hill Agriculture
Principal Crops
Improved Systems
Economy of Crops
Holistic Farming
Income Comparison
1 Holistic Farming
2 Organic Farming
3 Nutrient Manag.
4 Pest Manag.
5 Hybrid Seeds
6 Hi-Tech Practices
7 Irrigation
8 Innovations
9 Marketing
10 Locations
11 Extensions
12 Investments
Concluding Remarks
Experiments in Hill Agriculture -
Integrated Pest Management System (IPMS)

by D.S. Thakur
Professor of Agricultural Economics
Regional Research Station, Bajaura

Indiscriminate use of chemical pesticides has led to the destruction of beneficial organisms, resistance against pesticides, resurgence of treated pests, pesticidal residues in food-chains, environmental pollution and health disorders. In view of this, the current thrust is on the Integrated Pest Management System (IPMS) as the main plank of plant protection to make use of the resistant varieties, bio-control agents and physical and cultural methods of pest control which are more important in the context of sustainable agriculture.

IPMS encourages the use of bio-agents like predators, avoids the use of broad-spectrum insecticides to conserve natural enemies of insect-pests. IPMS is need-based with judicious use of pesticides on the basis of economic threshold level (ETL) of major insect-pests for sustainable farming.


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