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Agriculture
Horticulture
Hill Agriculture
Principal Crops
Improved Systems
Economy of Crops
Holistic Farming
Sustainability
Income Comparison
1 Holistic Farming
2 Organic Farming
3 Nutrient Manag.
4 Pest Manag.
5 Hybrid Seeds
6 Hi-Tech Practices
7 Irrigation
8 Innovations
9 Marketing
10 Locations
11 Extensions
12 Investments
Concluding Remarks
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Experiments in Hill Agriculture -
Comparative Economics of Principal Foodgrain,
Vegetable and Fruit crops
under Hi-Tech Agriculture
in the Hills of Himachal Pradesh

 
by D.S. Thakur
Professor of Agricultural Economics
Regional Research Station, Bajaura

(Income and cost is given in Rupees per Hectare)

Particulars Yield (q/ha) Gross Income Total Cost of Production & Marketing Net Income
Rainfed
Maize 40 21,500 11,907 9,593
Maize + Pulse / Oilseeds 41 + 2.5 24,850 12,915 11,935
Wheat 30 16,750 7,750 9,000
Wheat+Pulses / Oilseeds 30+2 19,530 8,314 11,216
Tomato 175 66,500 18,180 48,320
Pea 125 57,250 10,283 46,967
Irrigated
Paddy 50 30,300 15,459 14,805
Wheat 40 24,000 14,364 9,636
Tomato 360 1,36,800 24,903 1,11,897
Cabbage 275 82,500 27,929 54,571
Frenchbean 220 82,720 27,929 54,571
Capsicum 90 61,496 15,330 46,266
Brinjal 240 62,400 18,279 44,121
Radish 220 55,000 14,578 40,422
Rainfed/Irrigated
Apple 212 1,21,052 64,913 56,139
Kinnow/Orange 141 40,890 21,834 20,056
Seed Potato 228 70,680 33,048 37,632

Economics of Improved Cropping Systems under Hi-Tech Agriculture in the Hills of Himachal Pradesh (Rs./Ha)

Cropping Systems Gross Income Cost of Production & Marketing Net Income
Rainfed
Maize-Wheat 38,250 9,657 18,593
Maize+Pulse/Oilseed-Wheat+Pulses/Oilseeds 44,380 21,229 23,151
Tomato-Pea 1,22,750 28,463 94,287
Irrigated
Paddy-Wheat 54,300 29,859 24,141
Tomato-Tomato-Cauliflower 3,31,650 70,387 2,61,263
Tomato-Cauliflower-Radish 2,74,858 58,637 2,16,221
Cabbage-Cabbage-Caulifower 2,59,875 71,698 1,88,177
Frenchbean-Frenchbean-Cauliflower 2,42,150 83,208 1,58,942
Capsicum/Brinjal-Cabbage-Radish 2,13,650 55,361 1,58,289

 
 

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