by D.S. Thakur
Professor of Agricultural Economics
Regional Research Station, Bajaura
production and income of farmers can be increased further by the
adoption of improved cropping systems under hi-tech agriculture.
This can be seen from the Income Comparison page.
For higher production, income and sustainability, foodgrain crops
must be intercropped with leguminous pulses and oilseeds. It is
also noted that the vegetables and vegetable based cropping systems
give the highest production and income per hector.
The income comparison depicts that the farmers under rainfed
conditions in hills can raise their income up to Rs. 1 lakh or
so and under and under irrigated conditions income can be as high
as Rs. 2 lakhs with the improved cropping systems and hi-tech
The progressive farmers under the study have already adopted
the improved cropping systems. The economics thereof are given
on the Income Comparison page. It is
noted that with the average size holding of 1.33 ha, the intensity
of cropping of the farmers is as high as 230 per cent with the
adoption of improved cropping systems, given an average household
gross income of Rs. 83,284 per year from cultivation of different
The income comparison also shows the total income of farmers
from improved cropping systems. Such high cropping intensity and
farm income are sustainable only through organic farming which
is being adopted by more and more farmers in Himachal Pradesh.